10 tips for safe hiking and mountaineering
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- Healthy in the mountains: keep a constant tempo and realistically assess your fitness
- Careful planning: Inform yourself about the length, height difference, difficulty, current conditions of the trails and pay attention to the weather forecast
- Complete equipment: Protection from the rain, cold and sun should always be packed in your backpack, as should a first-aid kit and a mobile phone (European emergency number 112). Maps, apps and GPS will help you find your way
- Appropriate footwear: Stable hiking boots improve your footing
- Surefootedness is the key: Falls as a result of slipping or tripping are the most common cause of accidents.
- Stay on marked paths: Avoid short cuts
- Regular breaks: Regular rests help hikers to recover. You need to eat and drink to sustain your concentration and energy levels.
- Responsibility for children: Discovering the landscape in a fun way is very important for children. Very difficult hikes, which require long periods of concentration, are not suitable for children.
- Small groups: are more flexible and allow members to help each other. Inform someone about your route.
- Respect for nature and the environment: do not leave rubbish behind, stay on the paths, do not disturb wild animals or livestock, do not touch the plants, and respect protected areas.
Tips for encountering wildlife
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- Stay on the marked routes and trails
Deer barrier associate hiking trails with the presence of people and avoid them.
- Respect resting times
While feeding, especially in the early morning and late evening hours, do not disturb wildlife. Plan your hike so that you will be back before dark.
- Leash dogs
Dogs should be kept on a lead in the forest, no matter how obedient they are. Especially in May and June, deer are often killed by dogs. Even if you encounter a bear or wolf, your dog may become a victim of the attack.
- Taking rubbish home
Litter poses a great risk of injury to wild animals. Shards, cups or plastic bags can injure animals.
If you have a direct encounter with wild animals, you should avoid them. Most animals are harmless as long as you stay calm.
- Do not touch
If a wild animal is not shy, do not touch it. The same applies to dead animals. Notify the local game wardens or the police.
- Do not pet young animals
Young animals should not be touched. If young animals smell of humans, they will be rejected by their mother.